Peter Eisenman – House VI

ABOUT:

  • Peter Eisenman was born in Newark, New Jersey.
  • He studied at Cornell and Columbia Universities .
  • Eisenman first rose to prominence as a member of the New York Five.
  • In 2001, Eisenman won the National Design Award for Architecture from the Cooper-Hewitt National Design Museum.

STYLE:

  • Eisenman has always sought somewhat obscure parallels between his architectural works and philosophical or literary theory.
  • His earlier houses were “generated” from a transformation of forms related to the tenuous relationship of language to an underlying structure.
  • Eisenman’s latter works show a sympathy with the ideas of deconstructionism.
  • He tries to do is to ‘unlink’ the function that architecture may represent from the appearance – form – of that same architectural object.
Concepts:
  • Artificial excavation
  • Tracing
  • Layering
  • Deformation

Artificial excavation

  • Find traces of history.
  • Interpret form and meaning.
  • Derive new forms and meaning by layering and deforming.

Techniques :

  • Shear: Skew objects
    • Interference: Study interactions
      • Intersection: Emergent shapes
        • Distortion: Transform shapes
          • Scaling: Rotation

            Method

            • Historical reading of the site: Superposition
            • Deformation strategy: Diagrammatic image
            • Elaboration: Design

            Diagrammatic image

            • Additional elements
            • Outside architecture
            • Related to project
            • Informing and deforming
            • Add to superposition
            • Deform composition

            Model

            • Diagrammatic model
            • Physical scale model
            • Computer model

            Deconstructionism

            • Characterized by ideas of fragmentation.
            • Characterized by a stimulating unpredictability and a controlled chaos.

            Works

            • House VI(Frank residence), Cornwall, Connecticut.Design: 1972.
            • Wexner Centre for the Arts, Ohio State University,Ohio, 1989
            • Nunotani Building, Edogawa Tokyo Japan, 1991
            • Greater Columbus Convention Centre, Ohio,1993
            • Aronoff Centre for Design and Art, University for Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio, 1996
            • City of Culture of Galcia, Santiago de Compostela, Galcia, Spain, 1999
            • Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, Berlin, 2005
            • University of Phoenix Stadium, Glendale , Arizona, 2006

            House VI

            • Located in Cornawall,Connecticut.
            • Eisenman created a form from the intersection of four planes, subsequently manipulating the structures again and again, until coherent spaces began to emerge.
            • The envelope and structure of the building are just a manifestation of the changed elements of the original four slabs, with some limited modifications.
            • The purely conceptual design meant that the architecture is strictly plastic, bearing no relationship to construction techniques or purely ornamental form.
            • The use of the red stairs in House VI is somewhat odd.
            • It is an upside down stairs, marked red, which functions only as to divide the building and provide the house with symmetry.

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