- One of the New York’s most famous Buildings
- This Landmark building has moved and generated Utmost public opinion and interest.
- The first building to become a romantic symbol of New York.
- Buildings tend to achieve temporary Monumentalism.
- Street 175 5th Avenue and Broadway
- Postcode 10010
- Zone Ladies Mile
- Neighborhood Flatiron
- Borough Manhattan
- City New York City
- Country U.S.A.
- Height 87 m 285 ft
- Floors (OG) 21
- Year (end) 1902
Daniel Hudson Burnham, (1846-1912)
- Born in Henderson, New York
- He established (1873) a partnership with John W. Root
- Monadnock Building
- Masonic Temple
- Reliance Building
- Rookery” offices
- Wanamaker store in New York
- World,s Columbian Exposition
Unique features of Flatiron Building?
- Type of Construction.
- The first kind of qualified Skyscraper.
- Its unique shape.
- Kind of Architecture.
- Public Opinion and its role.
On the Left is Broadway and on the right is the 5th Avenue
What it takes to be a landmark
- Public Interest.
- Uniqueness and quality of Architecture.
- The image generated by a building
Type of Construction:
- Structural steel works — 3,680 tons of it
- Steel Column and clear office floor space type construction
- Bent steel frames used for the first time for support
- distinctive shape adopted by Burnham
- The wind tunnel effect
- The site itself was triangular. A need based design by Burnham.
Type of Architecture
- Style: beaux arts
- Burnham Baroque: This style was developed by Burnham and used this in Reliance building which he built after the death of Root.
- Nested Motifs-close up view
- Front corner-close up view
- Named after the Êcole des Beaux-Arts in Paris, this style is a subset of neo-classicism with several refinements
- tall parapets
- paired columns
- domes, projecting façades, and pavilions.
- The rich decoration may include garlands, wreaths, cartouches, and human statuary.
- nested forms
Imitation of Greek
- The Flatiron building, carries distinctive mark of Burnham’s style of using Greco-Roman motifs, that he so volubly practiced after Root’s Death
- Wind tunnel effect causing skirts of ladies to blow over their ankles
What made Flatiron an icon and a monument of its time?
- Interestingly the form was feminine and very graceful, capturing mind of artists, photographers, painters,writers and film directors.
- Romantic symbol of the time